360° Coverage : Ancient Peruvians did cranial surgery

1 Updates

Ancient Peruvians did cranial surgery

Dec 20 2013, 1:00am CST | by

New York, Dec 20 (IANS) For even the best of modern hospitals, cranial surgery remains a tough act. So it's a surprise to learn that medieval Peruvians had mastered the art.

New York, Dec 20 — For even the best of modern hospitals, cranial surgery remains a tough act. So it's a surprise to learn that medieval Peruvians had mastered the art. As many as a 1,000 years back...

Filed under: news

YouTube Videos

 
 
 

39 weeks ago

Ancient Peruvians did cranial surgery

Dec 20 2013, 1:00am CST | by

New York, Dec 20 (IANS) For even the best of modern hospitals, cranial surgery remains a tough act. So it's a surprise to learn that medieval Peruvians had mastered the art.

New York, Dec 20 — For even the best of modern hospitals, cranial surgery remains a tough act. So it's a surprise to learn that medieval Peruvians had mastered the art.

As many as a 1,000 years back, healers in Peru undertook what is called trepanation -- a procedure that involved opening the cranial vault using a drill - to treat injuries to the head as well as other ailments.

Researchers have come to the conclusion after excavating burial caves in the Andean province of Andahuaylas in Peru, according to an article in the current issue of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

Danielle Kurin, a bioarchaeologist at the University of California at Santa Barbara, found the remains of 32 individuals dating back to CE 1000-1250, some of whom showed evidence of trepanation procedures.

Trepanations first appeared in the Andean highlands circa CE 200-600, said Kurin, a specialist in forensic anthropology, who sought to know how the practice came to exist in the first place.

"For about 400 years, from 600 to 1000, the Andahuaylas was a prosperous province within an enigmatic empire known as the Wari," she said. "For reasons still unknown, the empire suddenly collapsed."

"But it is precisely during times of collapse that we see people's resilience and moxie coming to the fore," Kurin continued. "In the same way that new types of bullet wounds from the Civil War resulted in the development of better glass eyes, so, too, did these people in Peru employ trepanation to cope with new challenges like violence, disease and depravation 1,000 years ago."

Kurin and her team found that early practitioners used various cutting techniques -- some used scraping, while others used hand drills. "It looks like they were trying different techniques. They were experimenting with different ways of cutting into the skull."

And there is evidence to show that they were often successful. "We can tell a trepanation is healed because we see these finger-like projections of bone that are growing," Kurin explained.

"We have several cases where someone suffered a head fracture and were treated with the surgery; in many cases, both the original wound and the trepanation healed."

IANS

Source: IANS

 

Don't miss ...

 

<a href="/latest_stories/all/all/27" rel="author">IANS</a>
The Indo-Asian News Service (IANS) was established in 1986, initially to serve as an information bridge between India and its thriving diaspora in North America. Today it is a full-fledged, 24 by 7 agencies putting out the real-time news from India, South Asia and news of interest to this region around the world.

 

blog comments powered by Disqus

Latest stories

Childless couples too enjoy family meals
New York, Sep 19 (IANS) Couples without kids in the house are just as likely as adults living with young children or adolescents to eat family meals at home on most days of the week, says a US-based study.
 
 
Now, explore Egyptian pyramids from home
London, Sep 19 (IANS) If you are yet to experience the wonders of the ancient world still surviving in Egypt, you can now turn into a virtual visitor -- thanks to Google Street View -- and explore the pyramids from the comforts of your home.
 
 
Want good raise at work? Get a supportive wife
New York, Sep 19 (IANS) Do not just blame your boss or jealous colleagues for no promotion or salary hike at work - your spouse's personality is equally important to decide if your chosen career will make you richer or poorer.
 
 
People with larger pupil size bad decision makers
London, Sep 19 (IANS) People with larger pupil size tend to be inconsistent in their decisions, says a study.
 
 
 

Latest from the Network

All will respect Scottish referendum's result: Queen Elizabeth
Edinburgh, Sep 19 (IANS) Queen Elizabeth II Friday said everyone in Britain will respect the result of the Scottish independence referendum, in which Scotland voted to stay part of the country. In a written statement...
Read more on Politics Balla
 
All will respect Scottish referendum's result: Queen Elizabeth
Edinburgh, Sep 19 (IANS) Queen Elizabeth II Friday said everyone in Britain will respect the result of the Scottish independence referendum, in which Scotland voted to stay part of the country. In a written statement...
Read more on Politics Balla
 
71 killed as army, rebels clash in Yemen
Sana'a, Sep 19 (IANS) Shiite Houthi rebels Friday clashed with the army and Sunni militia in Yemeni capital city of Sana'a for the second day, leaving 71 people killed, including 30 soldiers and eight civilians, Xinhua...
Read more on Politics Balla
 
Additional MH17 crash investigators return to Netherlands
The Hague, Sep 20 (IANS) The thirty additional researchers, who were sent to Kharkiv last week to investigate MH17 crash, returned to the Netherlands due to unstable security situation in eastern Ukraine, Dutch Prime...
Read more on Politics Balla
 
Iran, world powers start new round of nuclear talks
United Nations, Sep 20 (IANS) Iran and six major countries started a new round of talks towards a comprehensive agreement on its nuclear programme at the United Nations headquarters in New York Friday. The talks are...
Read more on Politics Balla
 
Pakistan says navy officers behind dockyard attack fled country
Islamabad, Sep 20 (IANS) Pakistan Defence Minister Khawaja Asif said Friday that two navy officers, who had been involved in a recent terrorist attack on navy targets, have fled the country. A navy officer and three...
Read more on Politics Balla
 
Pakistan says it values China's support for SCO membership
Islamabad, Sep 20 (IANS) Pakistan Friday said it appreciates China's support for the country's quest to become member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) as the group has agreed to expand its membership. On...
Read more on Politics Balla
 
Andie MacDowell and Jada Pinkett Smith join Magic Mike XXL
Andie MacDowell and Jada Pinkett Smith are joining the cast of 'Magic Mike XXL'. The 'Four Weddings and a Funeral' actress' has inked a deal for the sequel, though her role in the movie sequel hasn't yet been explained...
Read more on Movie Balla
 
Rian Johnson avoiding Star Wars 'responsibility'
Rian Johnson is trying not to feel too ''responsible'' for the 'Star Wars' franchise. The 40-year-old filmmaker is directing 'Star Wars: Episode VIII' and expect to helm Episode 'IX' admits that, when it comes to the...
Read more on Movie Balla
 
Michael Douglas prefers playing villains
Michael Douglas insists it's much more fun to play villains. The 69-year-old actor has had a varied career but admits he much prefers taking on the role of a villain and even claimed being an unlikeable character is...
Read more on Movie Balla